UFM is a five-day, 40-hour academic program. ALL aspects of this program involve principles and theories that are taught within the confines of a classroom. It has been structured to meet the needs of experienced law enforcement trainers, administrators and investigators tasked with managing use of force issues.
UFM also offers considerable value to attorneys tasked with
reviewing or defending alleged police misuse of force incidents.
Although UFM follows a seminar structure, it affords student-instructor interactivity through small class size.
UFM also enables instructors to return to their respective
agencies to teach this critical course curriculum. As a result, UFM
represents tremendous value as a training investment.
If other prerequisites are satisfied, students successfully completing the
UFM program will be eligible for the PPSC “Certified Master
Use of Force Instructor” certification. Use
THIS LINK to view the requirements for this certification
structured to afford a break-out session on the final day to channel knowledge acquired in this course into practical exercises that stimulate critical thinking within policy and procedural realms. To accomplish this, each student must bring his/her agency policies salient to the use of force.*
Course Training Objectives
To successfully fulfill the requirements for a certification, each student must pass an objective written examination on the fifth day of the course. The examination serves to determine student comprehension and retention of the learning objectives enumerated below.
Upon completion of this course, participants:
Will be able to identify employment
concepts associated with the various types of
Will be able to identify the six
primary advantages of nonlethal force options
Will be able to identify the five
primary functions for all nonlethal weapons
Will be able to identify the
fundamental differences between 1st and 2nd order effects
Will be able to Identify the seven
types of nonlethal weapons and describe their individual
advantages and shortcomings
Will be able to identify the
importance of a simple yet definitive policy for governing
the use of all nonlethal option
Will be able to describe the invention
and use of a “Swett Curve” to compare various nonlethal
force options with an emphasis on understanding the nuances
for training and crafting policy
Will be able to describe first and
second order effect injuries as well as the most common
types of injuries for nonlethal weapons and how to avoid
Will be able to Identify differences
in strategies that focus on prevention vs. intervention in
preventing civil disorders
Will be able to Identify and describe
the two fundamental components of risk
Will understand the basics of risk management, and be able to describe their application to law enforcement.
Will be familiar with resistance-control continuums and how they are used in use of force management.
Will understand how to do basic legal research.
Will be familiar with use of force related Federal case law.
Will understand how to conduct a training program needs assessment.
Will be able to describe elements of a defensible use of force policy.
Will be able to describe the process for developing a use of force training plan.
Will understand and be able to describe risk management of various use of force disciplines (firearms, defensive tactics, non-lethal weapons, etc.).
Will understand and be able to describe risk management techniques as they relate to the management of vehicle pursuits.
Will be able to describe the important elements of defensible use of force report writing and documentation.
Will be able to identify situational
and behavioral precursors to police applications of force.
Will be able to identify risk factors
associated with In-Custody Death Syndrome.
Will be able to identify and classify
use of force implements by their associated levels of injury
Will know the frequency in which police officers
tend to misapply deadly force.
Will know the most significant correlates associated with mistaken use of deadly force.
Will identify the most significant correlate pertinent to officer hit ratios and volume of fire.
Will be able to list the most influential correlates within bunch-shooting incidents.
Will be able to list the most important operational aspects of policing under low light conditions.
Will be able to Identify the degree of declination in marksmanship and the escalation of volume of fire associated with confrontations occurring under low light conditions.
Will be able to identify the degree of frequency in which mistake-of-fact shootings occur under low light conditions.
Will understand the process in which perceptual shorthand contributes to mistake-of-fact shootings.
Will be able to understand the strategy by which mistake-of-fact shootings might be attenuated.
Will be able to identify
the critical implications of the so-called, "Split-Second Syndrome"
with regard to training, OIS investigations and in defense against
Will know the genesis
of, as well as the policy and training implications of so-called
Will understand fundamental causal issues associated with
the unintentional discharge of firearms.
Click here for a color PDF version of the
UFM course brochure
Maj. Steve Ijames, MS, MPA
Major Steve Ijames has been a police officer for the past 29
years, and recently retired as an assistant chief with the
Springfield, Missouri Police Department. Ijames is a graduate
of the 186th FBI National Academy, and has a bachelor’s degree
in Criminal Justice and a master’s degree in Public
Administration. During his law enforcement tenure Ijames served
in, supervised, and commanded a variety of assignments including
uniformed patrol, investigations, undercover narcotics, and
Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT). Ijames created the less
lethal force (impact projectiles, chemical munitions, noise
flash diversionary devices, TASER) instructor/trainer programs
for the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP),
and is the author of their model policies and position papers
involving these technologies. Ijames has offered related
training on behalf of the IACP and the U.S. Department of State
across the United States, Canada, and in 33 other countries
including such places as Tanzania, Bosnia, Somalia, Haiti, El
Salvador, Yemen, Pakistan, and East Timor. Ijames has served on
a number of post event use of force investigative commissions,
most recently in New York City and Boston, has reviewed
approximately 1,500 police use of force cases for agencies of
varied size including the Los Angeles and Chicago police
departments, and provides police litigation consulting in a wide
variety of resistance control and related areas.
Cmdr. Sid Heal, MS, MPA
Charles "Sid" Heal is a
retired Commander from the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department with nearly 33
years of service in law enforcement, nearly half of which has been spent in
units charged with handling law enforcement special and emergency
operations. At various times during his career he has served as an
operations officer, watch commander, unit commander, incident
commander, consultant and trainer in a myriad of law enforcement tactical
operations, and is a court recognized expert in law enforcement special
operations and emergency management. As a collateral assignment, Sid was in
charge of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department's internationally recognized
technology exploration program. This program seeks to identify, develop,
exploit and integrate new technologies for law enforcement. The focus of
effort for this program is on intervening with nonlethal options.
Sid has earned three
college degrees and is a graduate of the California Peace Officer's
Standards and Training, Center for Leadership Development, Command College,
and the FBI National Academy. He is the author of Sound Doctrine: A
Tactical Primer, and An Illustrated Guide to Tactical Diagramming,
as well as more than 120 articles on law enforcement issues and has appeared
on numerous television newscasts and documentaries and been quoted in many
periodicals and newspapers. Additionally, he has been a featured speaker at
numerous conferences in Canada, Germany, England, Scotland, Ireland, Israel,
Brazil and Argentina, as well as throughout the United States.
Tom has served on the state, county and local levels of law enforcement since 1978. He has worked as a sworn law enforcement officer in three states (NJ, UT, NH). He worked as a training coordinator at Smith & Wesson Academy from 1990-2001, during which time he trained over 12,000 officers in a variety of use of force disciplines.
Tom is widely known as one of the nation's foremost authorities
on "questionable" police shootings. He currently works as a researcher, consultant and expert witness for PPSC.
Please Note: All applications, tuition or POs must be received prior to the beginning of class. Tuition includes a comprehensive classroom manual and related classroom materials.
Eligible candidates for this program are members of the police, corrections, military and security communities. ALL applicants MUST provide credentials of their affiliation with an accredited law enforcement, corrections, military or security organization for acceptance into this program.
Refunds are allowable provided that customers comply with the following stipulations:
100% refund: permissible if course withdrawal is no less than 30 days of the starting date of the course you've enrolled in.
50% refund: is afforded if withdrawal is requested within 30 days of your course starting date, but not less than 7 days of that starting date.
May be granted if the above
stipulations are not met, but when emergency circumstances
(i.e., professional or personal) might apply. These will be
judged for merit on an individual basis.