Advanced Force & Control Instructor


Course Description

 AFCI is a five-day, 32-hour academic program. ALL aspects of this program involve principles and theories that are taught within the confines of a classroom. It has been structured to meet the needs of experienced law enforcement trainers, administrators and investigators tasked with managing use of force issues. AFCI also offers considerable value to attorneys tasked with reviewing or defending alleged police misuse of force incidents.


Although AFCI follows a seminar structure, it affords student-instructor interactivity through small class size. AND, unlike every other course attempting to mimic this program, AFCI certifies instructors to return to their respective agencies to teach this critical course curriculum. As a result, AFCI represents tremendous value as a training investment.

If other prerequisites are satisfied, students successfully completing the AFCI program will be eligible for the PPSC “Certified Master Use of Force Instructor” certification. Use THIS LINK to view the requirements for this certification

 AFCI is structured to afford a break-out session on the final day to channel knowledge acquired in this course into practical exercises that stimulate critical thinking within policy and procedural realms. To accomplish this, each student must bring his/her agency policies salient to the use of force.*

Course Training Objectives


    To successfully fulfill the requirements for a AFCI certification, each student must pass an objective written examination on the fifth day of the course. The examination serves to determine student comprehension and retention of the learning objectives enumerated below.


Upon completion of this course, participants:
  • Will understand the basics of risk management, and be able to describe their application to law enforcement.

  • Will be familiar with resistance-control continuums and how they are used in use of force management.

  • Will understand how to do basic legal research.

  • Will be familiar with use of force related Federal case law.

  • Will understand how to conduct a training program needs assessment.

  • Will be able to describe elements of a defensible use of force policy.

  • Will be able to describe the process for developing a use of force training plan.

  • Will understand and be able to describe risk management of various use of force disciplines (firearms, defensive tactics, non-lethal weapons, etc.).

  • Will understand and be able to describe risk management techniques as they relate to the management of vehicle pursuits.

  • Will be able to describe the important elements of defensible use of force report writing and documentation.

  • Will be able to identify situational and behavioral precursors to police applications of force.

  • Will be able to identify risk factors associated with In-Custody Death Syndrome.

  • Will be able to identify and classify use of force implements by their associated levels of injury risk.

  • Will know the frequency in which police officers tend to misapply deadly force.

  • Will know the most significant correlates associated with mistaken use of deadly force.

  • Will identify the most significant correlate pertinent to officer hit ratios and volume of fire.

  • Will be able to list the most influential correlates within bunch-shooting incidents.

  • Will be able to list the most important operational aspects of policing under low light conditions.

  • Will be able to Identify the degree of declination in marksmanship and the escalation of volume of fire associated with confrontations occurring under low light conditions.

  • Will be able to identify the degree of frequency in which mistake-of-fact shootings occur under low light conditions.

  • Will understand the process in which perceptual shorthand contributes to mistake-of-fact shootings.

  • Will be able to understand the strategy by which mistake-of-fact shootings might be attenuated.
  • Will understand fundamental causal issues associated with the unintentional discharge of firearms.

Click here for a color PDF version of the AFCI course brochure


Course Instructors


Steven Ashley, MS, MLS., MFCI, ARM, CPI

Steve has served in various law enforcement and police training capacities since 1974. In recent years he has also worked as a risk assessment specialist and police policy analyst. Steve is a certified instructor in many police subjects, including firearms, driving, radar, chemical munitions and defensive tactics, and has attended over 5,000 hours of advanced police training. Steve has been a police deadly force consultant, an expert witness in police use of force cases, and a consultant in cases involving police pursuit driving.


Thomas J. Aveni, MSFP

Tom has served on the state, county and local levels of law enforcement since 1978. He has worked as a sworn law enforcement officer in three states (NJ, UT, NH). He worked as a training coordinator at Smith & Wesson Academy from 1990-2001, during which time he trained over 12,000 officers in a variety of use of force disciplines.  Tom is widely known as one of the nation's foremost authorities on "questionable" police shootings. He currently works as a researcher, consultant and expert witness for PPSC.


Course Length

5 days/32 hours
Course Tuition
Dates & Locations

Please Note: All applications, tuition or POs must be received prior to the beginning of class. Tuition includes a comprehensive classroom manual and related classroom materials.


Eligible candidates for this program are members of the police, corrections, military and security communities. ALL applicants MUST provide credentials of their affiliation with an accredited law enforcement, corrections, military or security organization for acceptance into this program.

Refund Policy:
Refunds are allowable provided that customers comply with the following stipulations:
  • 100% refund: permissible if course withdrawal is no less than 30 days of the starting date of the course you've enrolled in.
  • 50% refund: is afforded if withdrawal is requested within 30 days of your course starting date, but not less than 7 days of that starting date.

Exceptional Circumstances Refund:
May be granted if the above stipulations are not met, but when emergency circumstances (i.e., professional or personal) might apply. These will be judged for merit on an individual basis.

Copyright 2006 The Police Policy Studies Council. All Rights Reserved.